Importance of marriage in Islam

God has created men and women as company for each other , and so they can procreate and live in peace and tranquility according to the commandments of God and His Messenger addresses . marriage

The Quran says:
"And among His signs is that He created for you wives from among yourselves , that ye may dwell in tranquility with them and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Probably portents for people who reflect. " [ Noble Quran 30:21 ] marriage
"God has done for you to friends of his own nature , and made for you, of them , the son and daughters and grandchildren, and provided you feed the better." [Noble Quran 16:72]
These verses of the Noble Qur'an clearly show that , unlike other religions like Christianity , Buddhism , Judaism etc. which consider celibacy or monasticism as a great virtue and a means of salvation, Islam considers marriage as one of the most virtuous and approved institutions. The Messenger of Allah (peace and salvation be upon him ) said : 
" There is no monasticism in Islam "
also ordered marriage
"Oh , young men! Whoever is able to marry should marry , for that will help lower their gaze and guard their modesty. " [Al- Bukhari ]
Modesty is considered a great virtue by the Prophet. He said : 
" Modesty is part of faith " [Al- Bukhari ]
The importance of the institution or marriage receives its greatest emphasis from the following hadith of the Prophet, marriage

"Marriage is my sunna . Who keeps away from it is not me. "
With these precepts and counsels of the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him) in the Qur'an mind, they examine the institution of marriage Sharia . marriage
Zawaj the word is used in the Qur'an to signify a pair or a mate. But in the common language that represents the marriage. Since the family is the nucleus of Islamic society , and marriage is the only way to bring families into existence, the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him) emphasized his disciples marriage Sharia sets standards to regulate the functioning of the family so that both spouses can live together in love, security and peace. Marriage in Islam has aspects of both ' Ibadah (worship) of Allah and mu'amalah (transactions between human beings).

In his " Ibadah aspect , marriage is an act pleasing to God because it is in accordance with his commandments that husband and wife love each other and help each other to make efforts to continue the human race and the part rear and nurse their children to become true servants of Allah.
In his mu'amalah aspect , marriage is a legitimate biological basic instinct sex and procreate children respond Sharia prescribes detailed translate this response into a living human institution reinforced standards for all framework for rights, not only spouses but obligations applicable also its right descendants.
These aspects are beautifully explained in a tradition of the Prophet. It was reported by Anas that the Messenger of Allah (peace and salvation be upon him) said:

"When a man marries , he has fulfilled half of his religion , so I fear Allah regarding the other half "
The Prophet considered marriage for a Muslim as half of his religion because it protects promiscuity , adultery , fornication , homosexuality etc. , which ultimately led to many other evils like slander , quarreling , homicide , loss of property and family disintegration . According to the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him ) and the other half of the faith can be saved by taqwa . marriage women

Conditions of Marriage
A careful examination of the precepts of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him ) clearly show that marriage is compulsory ( wajib ) for a man who has the means to easily pay the dowry ( dowry) and support a wife and children, and is healthy, and fears that if he does not marry , you may be tempted to commit fornication ( zina) . It is also compulsory for a woman who has no other means to maintain and fears that her sexual desire can push her fornication. But even for a person who has a strong will to control his sexual desire, you do not want children , and believes the marriage will be away from their devotion to God , it is commendable ( Mandoub ) .
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However, according to the Maliki school , under certain conditions it is obligatory ( fard ) for a Muslim wedding, even if it is not able to make a living :
He fears that by not marrying he will commit fornication ( zina) .
If you are unable to fast to control his passions or his fasting does not help to refrain from Zina .
Even if it is not able to find a slave or a poor girl to marry .
marriage women
However, some legal experts suggest that if a man cannot provide the means of legal existence , he should not marry because if he marries without any hope of getting lawful bread, he may commit theft , and to avoid evil (his passions) that can become the victim of another (theft) .

The Hanafi school considers marriage as obligatory ( fard ) for a man :
If you are sure that you will commit Zina if not married.
If he cannot fast to control his passions or even if you can, his fast does not help control his passion.
If he cannot get married a slave .
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If you are able to pay the dowry ( dowry) and to make a legal living.
Marriage is forbidden ( Haram ) a man , according to the Hanafi school, which does not have the means to support his wife and children, or if you suffer from an illness, serious enough to affect his wife and their descendants.

It is not desirable ( makruh ) for a man who has no sexual desire at all or who has no love for children or who is sure to be released in their religious obligations as a result of marriage. marriage women
So the problems should not arise after marriage the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him ) recommended that , in the choice of his wife , a man should see her before betrothal lest blindness of choice or an error of judgment should defeat the purpose of marriage . But this " vision" is not to be taken as a substitute for the "cut" of the West. The man should not look at his wife with passion - to-be, but it's just a critical look at his face and hands to become familiar with their personality and beauty. However, if a man wants , you can name a woman to go and interview the proposed bride, so that you can fully describe the type of girl she is.

Since I believe men and women are mentioned in the Quran , women also have the right to see her husband potential. women
The special permission for men and women to see each other for marriage does not violate the code of conduct of men and believing women to lower their gaze and be modest which is provided in the Noble Quran:
Ijbar : A safety valve
The consent of a man and woman is an essential element of marriage , and the Qur'an gives women a role in choosing their own life partners. It provides:

"Do not prevent them from marrying their husbands when they agree among themselves in a lawful manner ." [Noble Quran 2:232] marriage women
However, Imam Malik , one of the four great Imams of the Sunni schools of Islamic jurisprudence, gives a slightly restrictive interpretation of this verse and makes the choice of a partner for a subject to power over - ruling Muslim girl or ijbar parent or guardian in the interest of the girl.
It can sometimes happen that in her immaturity or over-zealousness , a girl may want to marry a man she has distorted information or who do not have a good reputation or lack of livelihood . In this case , it is better , or the parent or guardian of the child instead of the owner , who , in the wider interests of the girl , remains marry a bad man , and he is a suitable person to be her husband . Generally speaking, such marriages arranged by fathers and guardians work better than a marriage driven west patio.
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The bin Muawiyah Ibn Abu Hudhaifah and Abu Sufyan Juham case is relevant here. They proposed marriage to Fatimah bint Ghaith . The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him ) advised Fatimah not to marry one of them on the grounds that Mu'awiyah was then a poor and Abu Juham was cruel and hard. So she married Osama. women

Consent of the parties
Quran [ 4:21 ] refers to marriage as a Mithaq , ie a solemn covenant or agreement between husband and wife , and ordered him to be put in writing. As you can reach an agreement between the parties unless they give their consent to it , you can enter into marriage only with the free consent of both parties. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said:

" The widow and divorced women are not getting married until their order, and do not marry a virgin until her consent is obtained. " [Bukhari] marriage women
This aspect is strongly emphasized by Imam Bukhari . He, in fact , gave one of the chapters in his Sahih the significant title :
"When a man gives his daughter in marriage and she dislikes the marriage is annulled. " One time a wine virgin girl to the Prophet (peace and salvation be upon him ) and told him that his father had married a man against his will. The Prophet gave her the right to repudiate the marriage. [ Abu Dawud ] women
Divorced women are also given freedom to contract a second marriage . The Noble Qur'an says:
" And when you divorce women , and wine at the end of their waiting period , do not prevent them from marrying other men if they agree with others in a fair few " . [Noble Quran 2:232]
With regard to widows , the Qur'an says: marriage

"If any of you die and leave wives behind , and bequeath their widows (the right to) the maintenance of a year without being forced to leave (the house of her husband ), but if ( the residence) are on their own will , no blame on you for what they do for themselves in a lawful manner . " [Noble Quran 2:234] women Islam
And widows are free to remarry , even in the above deadline, and if they do , they have to give up their demand for traditional maintenance during the remainder of the year. However, remember that the power given to ijbar parent or guardian of the Maliki school of their choice of life - couples get in all the situations described above , if the girl is a virgin or service or divorced or widowed .

Wedding banned Partners
Under Sharia law , is prohibited marriages between men and women standing in a certain relation to each other. These prohibited degrees are either permanent or temporary. Prohibited degrees of marriage are permanently fixed in the Noble Quran:
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" And do not marry women whom your fathers married , except what has already happened (of that nature) in the past. Thing ! There has never been a crime and an abomination and an evil. Might not have their mothers and his daughters, and brothers and sisters of his father and his mother and sisters a brother and sister girls girls and their nurses and sisters of milk, and his mother- in - law and your stepdaughters who are under your mother - in - law and stepdaughters who are under your protection (born ) of your wives to whom you have gone - but if you have not been in them, then there is no sin for you ( to marry their daughters ) - and the wives your child of their own body, and you should have two sisters together, except what has already happened (of that nature) in the past. Allah is forgiving, Merciful. " [Noble Quran 4:22-24]
From the above verses , it is clear that the Muslim must never marry the following:
His mother
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Her stepmother (this practice continues in Yoruba land in Nigeria, where in some cases the eldest son inherits the youngest wife of his father)
His grandmother ( including mothers parents and the example of all previous mothers grandmothers )
His daughter (including granddaughters and beyond)
His sister ( whether full or half blood )
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His father 's sisters ( including sisters paternal grandfather )
His mother 's sisters ( including sisters maternal grandmother )
Daughters of his brother
Her foster mother
The sister of his foster mother
The daughter of his sister
His foster sister
The mother of his wife

His daughter ( ie a daughter by a former husband of a woman who has married if the marriage was consummated . However , whether such marriage was not consummated , is not prohibited )
The wife of his own son

Great wisdom lies behind these prohibitions on the grounds of consanguinity, affinity and placement. No social cohesion can exist if people do not keep these prohibitions in their minds while marriage contracts. women
Temporary prohibitions are those which arise only because of the special circumstances in which the parties are placed. If circumstances change , the prohibition also disappears. They are:

A man must not have two sisters as wives at the same time he can not marry a girl and her aunt at the same time . Islam
A man must not marry a woman who is already married . However, this obstacle is removed immediately if the marriage is dissolved either by the death of her husband , or by divorce followed the termination of the waiting period ( retirement).
A man must not have more than four wives at the same time . This obstacle is, of course , removed as soon as one of the women dies or is divorced .
A man must not marry a woman during her widowhood.
Regarding this last prohibition, the Qur'an expects Muslims to act with greater regularity and justice. It provides:

"... But do not make a secret contract with them except in terms honorable , nor resolve on the tie of marriage till the expected life is fulfilled ." [ Noble Quran 2:235 ] Islam
This means that man must not make a specific proposal of marriage to a woman during the time of her widowhood after the death of her husband or an irrevocable divorce. However, you can send a message that says, for example : "I want to find a woman of good character. " But if a woman is in her widowhood of a revocable divorce, where possible raja ' (return), a man should not send the same implied invitation to marry , and is still considered the first husband of legitimate wife. Actually , this restriction is most beneficial because it prevents a man from becoming an instrument of breaking up a family where there is still room for reconciliation between the woman and her husband, although away from each other . marriage Islam

Two suitors who want to marry the same girl
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him ) disapproved of two persons competing for the marriage of the same girl. This is because it is likely to develop bitter enmity between two Muslim brothers this.
The Prophet said :

"A believer is a brother of a believer. Therefore it is not lawful for him to bargain in the market for a brother, nor propose for ( the hand of a girl) after the marriage proposal of his brother , until the latter (voluntarily) withdraws the proposal " Islam
Imam Abu Hanifa , Imam Shafi and Imam Malik , all agree that it is a sin to put a proposal of marriage against the proposal of another Muslim brother. However, if this marriage contracts illegally , it is sufficient that the second suitor who was successful seeks the forgiveness of the first suitor and of Allah. But Imam Dhahiri considered such a void marriage. Respectfully submits that the first view is more rational and sound. marriage Islam

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